• Mental Health in Schools 2020
  • Disability
Published Date: October 22, 2020

Using Risk Ratios as a Tool to Create More Equitable Practices

Research has demonstrated that one of the least effective responses to school violence is punishment and the most effective responses to school violence is social skills training, academic restructuring, and behavioral interventions. Research has also revealed that exclusion and punishment are ineffective at producing long-term reductions in problem behavior (Horner et al., 2005). However, exclusion and punishment are the most common responses to conduct disorders in schools. Ineffective discipline practices are frequently used in school districts across the nation. These ineffective practices typically harm Black students disproportionately. The good news is that these inequitable practices can be changed. In particular, school teams can calculate and analyze disproportionality by monitoring risk indices and risk ratios.

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